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The History of Petroleum Pollution in Malaysia: Urgent Need for Integrated Prevention Approach

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dc.contributor.author Sakari, Mahyar
dc.contributor.author Zakaria, Mohamad Pauzi
dc.contributor.author Mohamed, Che Abd Rahim
dc.contributor.author Lajis, Nordin Haji
dc.contributor.author Chandru, Kuhan
dc.contributor.author Bahry, Pourya Shahpoury
dc.date.accessioned 2011-01-27T19:27:10Z
dc.date.available 2011-01-27T19:27:10Z
dc.date.issued 2010 en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10535/6921
dc.description.abstract "Petroleum pollution is known as point and non-point source of contaminations in the environment. A major class of petroleum contaminant is groups of compounds consist of two or more fused benzene rings called polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) that are carcinogenic, mutagenic and toxic. Source identification of petroleum pollution is necessary to prevent pollution entry into the environment. Eight sedimentary cores were obtained from developed and developing areas around Peninsular Malaysia to investigate the historical profile of PAHs, their characteristics and its possible origins. The results showed that the PAHs concentrations varied from very minimum to 2400 ng/g d. w. in average quarter century intervals. Most of the studied locations showed high contribution of PAHs from combusted fuel, coal, biomasses and wood materials except for the southern part of Peninsular Malaysia in which revealed dominance of petroleum products. The findings indicate that PAHs are delivered from different intermediate materials such as asphalt, street dust, vehicular emission and crankcase oil. However, there has been a decline of PAHs input into the marine environment in recent years; petroleum is shown to be a significant cause of marine pollution since the second quarter of 20th century. An overview on sourced materials of petroleum pollution indicates multi-approach necessity toward pollution control, regardless of concentration and possible degradation processes. Various sectors both governmental and non-governmental are needed for prevention and control of petroleum pollution where different sources apparently contribute to the pollution generation process." en_US
dc.language English en_US
dc.subject integration en_US
dc.subject resource management en_US
dc.subject pollution en_US
dc.title The History of Petroleum Pollution in Malaysia: Urgent Need for Integrated Prevention Approach en_US
dc.type Journal Article en_US
dc.type.published published en_US
dc.type.methodology Case Study en_US
dc.coverage.region Middle East & South Asia en_US
dc.coverage.country Malaysia en_US
dc.subject.sector General & Multiple Resources en_US
dc.identifier.citationjournal Environment Asia en_US
dc.identifier.citationvolume 3 en_US
dc.identifier.citationpages 131-142 en_US

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