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Adaptation or Manipulation? Unpacking Climate Change Response Strategies

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dc.contributor.author Thomsen, Dana C.
dc.contributor.author Smith, Timothy F.
dc.contributor.author Keys, Noni
dc.date.accessioned 2012-12-07T18:54:03Z
dc.date.available 2012-12-07T18:54:03Z
dc.date.issued 2012 en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10535/8585
dc.description.abstract "Adaptation is a key feature of sustainable social–ecological systems. As societies traverse various temporal and spatial scales, they are exposed to differing contexts and precursors for adaptation. A cursory view of the response to these differing contexts and precursors suggests the particular ability of persistent societies to adapt to changing circumstances. Yet a closer examination into the meaning of adaptation and its relationship to concepts of resilience, vulnerability, and sustainability illustrates that, in many cases, societies actually manipulate their social–ecological contexts rather than adapt to them. It could be argued that manipulative behaviors are a subset of a broader suite of adaptive behaviors; however, this paper suggests that manipulative behaviors have fundamentally different intentions and outcomes. Specifically, adaptive behaviors are respectful of the intrinsic integrity of social–ecological systems and change is directed toward internal or self-regulating modification. By way of contrast, manipulative behaviors tend to disregard the integrity of social–ecological systems and focus on external change or manipulating the broader system with the aim of making self-regulation unnecessary. It is argued that adaptive behaviors represent long-term strategies for building resilience, whereas manipulative behaviors represent short-term strategies with uncertain consequences for resilience, vulnerability, and the sustainability of social–ecological systems. Of greatest significance; however, is that manipulative strategies have the potential to avoid authentic experiences of system dynamics, obscure valuable learning opportunities, create adverse path dependencies, and lessen the likelihood of effective adaptation in future contexts." en_US
dc.language English en_US
dc.subject adaptation en_US
dc.subject climate change en_US
dc.subject learning en_US
dc.subject path dependence en_US
dc.subject resilience en_US
dc.title Adaptation or Manipulation? Unpacking Climate Change Response Strategies en_US
dc.type Journal Article en_US
dc.type.published published en_US
dc.type.methodology Case Study en_US
dc.subject.sector General & Multiple Resources en_US
dc.subject.sector Global Commons en_US
dc.identifier.citationjournal Ecology and Society en_US
dc.identifier.citationvolume 17 en_US
dc.identifier.citationnumber 3 en_US

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