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Common Resources and Public Lands in the Taming of the Kurobe River, 1920-1970

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dc.contributor.author Dinmore, Eric G.
dc.date.accessioned 2013-06-24T17:11:46Z
dc.date.available 2013-06-24T17:11:46Z
dc.date.issued 2013 en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10535/8870
dc.description.abstract "The completion in 1963 of Japans 186-meter Kurobe No. 4 Dam served for many as occasion to celebrate the culmination of a decades-long process of taming the unruly Kurobe River of Toyama Prefecture for the greater public good. As mainstream accounts from this time of rapid economic growth construed it, the dam not only allowed electric utility companies to exploit the full hydroelectric potential of the Kurobe watershed, but it also promised a future of mass tourism in an alpine river valley that only mountaineers dared enter before the midtwentieth century. Today, Kurobe No. 4 is one of Japans largest energy projects and a tourist draw that lures one million visitors annually to the heart of Ch?bu Sangaku National Park. Behind this transformation of the Kurobe Valley into an "envirotechnical" system and popular destination lay a history of contending visions for water use that emerged after the areas earliest hydroelectric development in the 1920s. Debates revolved around fundamental questions relevant to studies of the commons: Whose, and what kind of, resource was the river? Who stood to benefit from the channeling of river water through dams toward national economic growth? Was the natural scenery of the upper Kurobe Valley a common cultural resource demanding state protection and the creation of national parkland? If so, how strict would such protection need to be? Finally, how would downstream valley residents, who used the river for irrigation, make their voice heard while outside interests maneuvered to dam it or cordon it off inside 'public' national parkland? This paper will provide some of the first research in English on these mid-century debates, and it will reveal the complex negotiations required as planners and developers attempted to harness the Kurobe and repurpose it to serve the modern nationstate." en_US
dc.language English en_US
dc.subject watersheds en_US
dc.subject dams en_US
dc.subject parks en_US
dc.subject land tenure and use en_US
dc.subject IASC
dc.title Common Resources and Public Lands in the Taming of the Kurobe River, 1920-1970 en_US
dc.type Conference Paper en_US
dc.type.published unpublished en_US
dc.type.methodology Case Study en_US
dc.coverage.region East Asia en_US
dc.coverage.country Japan en_US
dc.subject.sector Water Resource & Irrigation en_US
dc.identifier.citationconference Commoners and the Changing Commons: Livelihoods, Environmental Security, and Shared Knowledge, the Fourteenth Biennial Conference of the International Association for the Study of the Commons en_US
dc.identifier.citationconfdates June 3-7 en_US
dc.identifier.citationconfloc Mt. Fuji, Japan en_US

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