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Drivers and Characteristics of Wastewater Agriculture in Developing Countries: Results from a Global Assessment

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dc.contributor.author Raschid-Sally, Liqa
dc.contributor.author Jayakody, Priyantha
dc.date.accessioned 2013-08-26T14:42:14Z
dc.date.available 2013-08-26T14:42:14Z
dc.date.issued 2008 en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10535/9093
dc.description.abstract "In 4 out of 5 cities in developing countries, wastewater is used to cultivate perishable crops for urban markets. Such practices create a health risk but provide important livelihood benefits. This study through an analysis of 53 cities in developing countries, contributes to understanding the factors that drive wastewater use. The main drivers are (1) increasing urban water demand without wastewater treatment causing pollution of irrigation water sources; (2) urban food demand favoring agriculture close to cities where water sources are polluted; and (3) lack of cheaper, similarly reliable or safer water sources. Poverty, which constrains the infrastructure needs of urbanization, is an added factor. The study makes policy recommendations stressing on, effectively applying the WHO guidelines, linking investments in water supply with sanitation for maximum beneficial impact on water pollution, and involving actors at both the national and local level, for water quality improvements and health risk reduction." en_US
dc.language English en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries IWMI Research Report no. 127 en_US
dc.subject irrigation en_US
dc.subject developing countries en_US
dc.subject water supply en_US
dc.subject sanitation en_US
dc.subject gender en_US
dc.subject water pollution en_US
dc.subject women en_US
dc.subject agriculture en_US
dc.title Drivers and Characteristics of Wastewater Agriculture in Developing Countries: Results from a Global Assessment en_US
dc.type Working Paper en_US
dc.type.methodology Case Study en_US
dc.publisher.workingpaperseries International Water Management Institute (IWMI), Colombo, Sri Lanka en_US
dc.subject.sector Agriculture en_US
dc.subject.sector Water Resource & Irrigation en_US

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