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Using Short-Term Monitoring Data to Achieve Goals in Large-Scale Restoration

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dc.contributor.author Hagan, Dagmar
dc.contributor.author Evju, Marianne
dc.date.accessioned 2013-11-12T15:48:37Z
dc.date.available 2013-11-12T15:48:37Z
dc.date.issued 2013 en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10535/9155
dc.description.abstract "To evaluate the outcome of restoration projects, an overall goal, reformulated to specific subgoals or targets, must be explicit and translated into scientifically measurable ecological attributes. Monitoring ecological attributes is necessary to assess restoration progress. Data from long-term monitoring are rarely available when restoration interventions are planned and implemented. In this study, we show how short-term monitoring data are incorporated into the planning of the large-scale restoration of a former military training area: the largest restoration project approved in Norway, covering more than 165 km² and intended to enhance nature conservation. A pilot project was initiated in 2002 that removed 1.2 km of roads and tested three restoration treatments to facilitate vegetation development: stirred topsoil (C, control), fertilizer added to the stirred topsoil (F), and fertilizer and commercial grass seeds added to the stirred topsoil (FS). Vegetation turfs were transplanted in all treatments. A monitoring program was established, and three ecological attributes linked to the specific targets for vegetation development (vegetation cover, species richness, and presence of non-native species) were sampled at 2 yr and 7 yr after the intervention. We discuss pilot project results in relation to the temporal scale and to the type of intervention of the restoration treatments (introduction of non-native seeds and nutrient addition) in an ecosystem with slow nutrient turnover. We consider the implications of the short-term data for the large-scale restoration and describe the cooperation between developers, research ecologists, and contractors, illustrating how adaptive management is relevant to large-scale restoration projects." en_US
dc.language English en_US
dc.subject adaptive systems en_US
dc.subject restoration en_US
dc.title Using Short-Term Monitoring Data to Achieve Goals in Large-Scale Restoration en_US
dc.type Journal Article en_US
dc.type.published published en_US
dc.type.methodology Case Study en_US
dc.coverage.region Europe en_US
dc.coverage.country Norway en_US
dc.subject.sector Theory en_US
dc.identifier.citationjournal Ecology and Society en_US
dc.identifier.citationvolume 18 en_US
dc.identifier.citationnumber 3 en_US
dc.identifier.citationmonth September en_US

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