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Ecosystem Services, Governance, and Stakeholder Participation: An Introduction

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Type: Journal Article
Author: Paavola, Jouni; Hubacek, Klaus
Journal: Ecology and Society
Volume: 18
Date: 2013
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10535/9179
Sector: General & Multiple Resources
Subject(s): adaptive systems
environmental services
governance and politics
participatory development
protected areas
social-ecological systems
Abstract: "The ecosystem services approach has gained popularity, and novel incentive-based ecosystem conservation strategies are increasingly being used. This calls for the reassessment and transformation of conceptual-theoretical, natural resource management, and governance approaches to conservation. In the past, conservation efforts focused on distinct components of ecosystems without regard for long-term human well-being. Natural resource management in turn sought to control nature to harvest products for direct consumption or for sale at markets. However, this singular focus on management ignored that ecosystems are complex, dynamic, adaptive systems with nonlinear feedback and thresholds and are tightly interlinked with human systems."

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