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2013 Care Taker Questionnaire: Snowmelt Dependent Systems in the United States and Kenya

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Type: Survey
Author: Evans, Tom; McCord, Paul; Dell'Angelo, Jampel
Date: 2013
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10535/9412
Sector: Agriculture
Water Resource & Irrigation
Region: Africa
Subject(s): human-environment interaction
water management
Abstract: "Within water-scarce environments, household characteristics such as family size, income, dependence on markets, and influence of external agents, among others, interact with the biophysical environment to produce socio-hydrological outcomes. Livelihood decisions and outcomes not only are dependent on socio-economic factors such as proximity of employment sources and the number of individuals to tend to farming operations, they are also tied to periodicity of rainfall and the reliability of surface water to maintain livelihood operations. As a result, an understanding of both social and biophysical characteristics is essential when examining coupled outcomes within water-scarce environments. In the Mount Kenya region, livelihoods are heavily dependent on the availability of water, whether through rainfall or surface water. To manage this essential resource, irrigation projects have been established on the western and north-western slopes of the mountain. The management committees of these irrigation projects determine water availability during seasonal dry periods, enforce penalties for water misuse, make repairs to damaged infrastructure, and collect membership and maintenance fees. The ability of the irrigation projects to reliably deliver water is essential in determining the agricultural performance of the member households. The 2013 care taker questionnaire was administered to the care taker (primary maintenance person) of each irrigation project. It was designed to understand aspects of the irrigation project’s infrastructure (e.g., the age of the pipes, the size of household pipes, the number of irrigation lines), water rotation schedules, the role of the care taker in enforcing penalties, and the responsiveness of the care taker in resolving member complaints (such as pipe breakages, clogged lines, and overuse of water). The survey was administered to the care takers of twenty-five irrigation projects on the western and north-western slopes of Mount Kenya."

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