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The Persistence of Subsistence: Qualitative Social-Ecological Modeling of Indigenous Aquatic Hunting and Gathering in Tropical Australia

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dc.contributor.author Barber, Marcus
dc.contributor.author Jackson, Sue
dc.contributor.author Dambacher, Jeffrey
dc.contributor.author Finn, Marcus
dc.date.accessioned 2015-06-23T19:20:26Z
dc.date.available 2015-06-23T19:20:26Z
dc.date.issued 2015 en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10535/9743
dc.description.abstract "Subsistence remains critical to indigenous people in settler-colonial states such as Australia, providing key foundations for indigenous identities and for wider state recognition. However, the drivers of contemporary subsistence are rarely fully articulated and analyzed in terms of likely changing conditions. Our interdisciplinary team combined past research experience gained from multiple sites with published literature to create two generalized qualitative models of the socio-cultural and environmental influences on indigenous aquatic subsistence in northern Australia. One model focused on the longer term (inter-year to generational) persistence of subsistence at the community scale, the other model on shorter term (day to season) drivers of effort by active individuals. The specification of driver definitions and relationships demonstrates the complexities of even generalized and materialist models of contemporary subsistence practices. The qualitative models were analyzed for emergent properties and for responses to plausible changes in key variables: access, habitat degradation, social security availability, and community dysfunction. Positive human community condition is shown to be critical to the long-term persistence of subsistence, but complex interactions of negative and positive drivers shape subsistence effort expended at the individual scale and within shorter time frames. Such models enable motivations, complexities, and the potential management and policy levers of significance to be identified, defined, causally related, and debated. The models can be used to augment future models of human-natural systems, be tested against case-specific field conditions and/or indigenous perspectives, and aid preliminary assessments of the effects on subsistence of changes in social and environmental conditions, including policy settings." en_US
dc.language English en_US
dc.subject Aborigines en_US
dc.subject management en_US
dc.subject natural resources en_US
dc.subject qualitative analysis--models en_US
dc.title The Persistence of Subsistence: Qualitative Social-Ecological Modeling of Indigenous Aquatic Hunting and Gathering in Tropical Australia en_US
dc.type Journal Article en_US
dc.type.published published en_US
dc.type.methodology Qualitative en_US
dc.coverage.region Pacific and Australia en_US
dc.coverage.country Australia en_US
dc.subject.sector Social Organization en_US
dc.subject.sector Theory en_US
dc.identifier.citationjournal Ecology and Society en_US
dc.identifier.citationvolume 20 en_US
dc.identifier.citationnumber 1 en_US
dc.identifier.citationmonth March en_US

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