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Gender Inequality, Cooperation and Environmental Sustainability

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dc.contributor.author Agarwal, Bina
dc.date.accessioned 2012-04-10T16:22:38Z
dc.date.available 2012-04-10T16:22:38Z
dc.date.issued 2005 en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10535/7900
dc.description.abstract "This paper examines the effects of gender inequality on prospects of cooperation and environmental sustainability. Gender inequality is a form of inequality that is interactive with but distinct from other forms of economic and social inequalities. It dwells not only outside the household but also centrally within it. It stems not only from pre-existing differences in economic endowments between women and men, but also from pre-existing gendered social norms and social perceptions; that is, the inequality is also ideologically embedded. And it not only pre-exists in the noted forms, but can also arise from newly defined rules and procedures that structure the functioning of the governance institution itself. All three dimensions of gender inequality can impinge on prospects for cooperation and efficient local commons management; and all are largely neglected in collective action literature on the commons. The paper also distinguishes between voluntary and nonvoluntary cooperation arguing that cooperation need not always be a voluntary act. Cooperation may 'appear' to exist despite inequalities and conflicts of interest within a community, because it is imposed by some on others through the exercise of social and/or economic power. The paper analyzes how these different aspects of gender inequality can impinge on collective action and the form it takes (voluntary or nonvoluntary), and the likely outcomes for environmental sustainability. It does so by analyzing the experience of community forest management across India, drawing also on the author's recent field data from western India. In addition, based on the latter, it empirically tests the effects on rule formulation and forest quality of women's greater inclusion in the decision-making process of local commons governance." en_US
dc.language English en_US
dc.subject sustainability en_US
dc.subject gender en_US
dc.subject cooperation en_US
dc.subject inequality en_US
dc.subject norms en_US
dc.subject social behavior en_US
dc.subject governance and politics en_US
dc.subject common pool resources en_US
dc.subject collective action en_US
dc.subject decision making en_US
dc.title Gender Inequality, Cooperation and Environmental Sustainability en_US
dc.type Conference Paper en_US
dc.type.published unpublished en_US
dc.type.methodology Case Study en_US
dc.coverage.region Middle East & South Asia en_US
dc.coverage.country India, Nepal en_US
dc.subject.sector General & Multiple Resources en_US
dc.subject.sector Social Organization en_US
dc.identifier.citationconference Inequality, Collective Action and Environmental Sustainability en_US
dc.identifier.citationconfdates 21-23 September en_US
dc.identifier.citationconfloc Santa Fe, New Mexico en_US

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